Let us begin with the Argan Tree, which grows exclusively in the Southwest of Morocco. Despite the dry environment this tree is not only able to grow, but to produce fruit in the region between the coast and the desert. Its roots grow up to 30 meters deep which allows the tree to also give life to its surroundings. The Oil is used for cosmetics, medicine and food, the fruits and leaves of the tree also provides many animals with food. The Argan tree also provides shade, which is important in this desert like area, and enables other plants to grow and makes it less difficult for the locals to wander the region.
The Argan tree dates back many millions of years and is one of the oldest trees on this planet. 10 of these trees provide a living for a local, all together about 2 million locals depend on it. It is easy to see the importance of the tree, not only as a form of income, but also socially and biologically.
The Argan fruit, which contains the valuable Argan nut, provides the Argan Oil, also known as liquid gold. The Argan fruit and nut are extremely rich in many vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and omega 6, which can not be produced by the body. It also contains rare plant sterols which no other oils have. A fully grown tree provides about 30 Kilos of the valuable fruits a year, which is about 1 liter of Argan Oil. Due to its rareness and the hard and long working process to gain the oil, it is in an expensiv but very fair price range, especially when 100% pure.